90. Influence of emotional reactions to catastrophe

It is known the emergencies or catastrophes provoke a certain sequence of psychological reactions, each of which compromises the objectivity of decision-making and action-taking. The book Psychogenesis in Extreme Conditions says, “psychological reactions to catastrophe are subdivided into four phases: heroism, a honeymoon phase, disappointment, and recovery”61. In addition, there is often a phase of panic or paralysis during the first moments of a catastrophe, which can precede the heroism phase. Each of these stages creates its own kind of bias